FRANKLIN COUNTY – Banks are asking Vermonters to deposit their spare change at their local bank or use exact change when shopping, as the pandemic-related shutdowns have created a coin shortage.
When COVID-19 restrictions went into place, establishments like retail shops, bank branches, and laundromats—the typical places where coin enters society—closed, it significantly slowed the normal rate of coin circulation. Consumers then migrated to shopping online or, if in person, using debit and credit cards to avoid physical contact associated with using cash. The coins that they would have received in change were then not being circulated back into the system.
“In the beginning of 2020, more than 4 billion coins were deposited—or recirculated—each month,” Christopher D’Elia, President of the Vermont Bankers Association, said. “Those numbers dropped to less than 2 billion beginning in April.”
As businesses are reopening, demand from merchants to stock their coins at higher levels is increasing, but a large number of coins remain with consumers. This is creating a critical issue because recirculated coins represent more than 80 percent of the supply, with the remaining amount being new coins produced by the Mint.
“There is adequate coin in the economy, however the slowed pace of circulation means that a sufficient amount of coins is not readily available where needed,” D’Elia said. “If you have spare change, we encourage Vermonters to check with their local bank to see if they are accepting rolled coins, use exact amounts when purchasing items, or deposit them in coin-cashing machines.”
As of April 2020, the U.S. Treasury estimates that the total value of coin in circulation is $47.8 billion, up from $47.4 billion as of April 2019.
The Federal Reserve projects the gap between supply and demand between 2.3 to 3.5 billion coins each month through the end of 2020.